Potassium in Fruit Juice by ISE

Measuring Potassium in any sort of Fruit Juice is straightforward and involves the dilution of the juice 1 in 10 in water followed by direct measurement using and EDT directION ION Meter in the Potassium mode and a combination ISE. Potassium standard solutions and reagents are available to make life easier.


This is a method for the determination of potassium levels in fruit juices such as blackcurrant, orange, lemon, grape, etc. This method is also suitable for the determination of potassium in wine.

Equipment Required

1. Model QP459 Portable ION Meter

2. 3031 Potassium Combination ISE

3. 21314 Potassium 1000ppm Standard Solution

4. 30314 Potassium Ionic Strength Adjustment Buffer

5. Glassware. Beakers 250ml, Volumetric Flask 100ml. 10ml pipette

6. Deionised water.

Standard Preparation

Prepare standards of 10 and 100ppm Potassium by serial dilution of the 1000ppm standard. This is achieved by pipetting 10ml of the standard into a 100ml Volumetric flask and diluting to the mark with deionized water. This is now a 100ppm Standard solution. Prepare other standards as required.

Sample Preparation

Pipette 5 ml of fruit juice into a 50 ml volumetric flask. Dilute to the mark with distilled water.


To 100ml of each of the standards and samples add 2ml of 30314 ISAB and mix the contents. Be sure the beakers are clean and make sure not to touch the inside of the beakers with bare hands as contamination from sweat etc. is common. Beakers that have been washed with softened water or tap water will be contaminated. In these cases rinse the beakers with deionised water.

Immerse the electrode in each of the standards in increasing concentration steps in the calibration mode of the Ion Meter, rinsing the electrodes with distilled water and dabbing off the excess water between standards.

Using the QP459  Ion meter will allow the result to be read directly on the display. It also allows for up to a 3 point calibration if required.


The displayed concentration value should then be multiplied by 10 due to the dilution factor. The result is expressed in mg/l or ppm.


There are significant interferences from Ammonium, Rubidium and Strontium ions though these should not normally be present in the samples concerned.